National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 2023

Multi-campaign ship and aircraft observations of marine cloud condensation nuclei and droplet concentrations

Sanchez, K.J., D. Painemal, M.D. Brown, E.C. Crosbie, F. Gallo, J.W. Hair, C.A. Hostetler, C.E. Jordan, C.E. Robinson, A.J. Scarino, T.J. Shingler, M.A. Shook, K.L. Thornhill, E.B. Wiggins, E.L. Winstead, L.D. Ziemba, S. Chambers, A. Williams, P.K. Quinn, and R.H. Moore

Sci. Data, 10, 471, doi: 10.1038/s41597-023-02372-z, View open access article online at Nature Publishing (external link) (2023)

In-situ marine cloud droplet number concentrations (CDNCs), cloud condensation nuclei (CCN), and CCN proxies, based on particle sizes and optical properties, are accumulated from seven field campaigns: ACTIVATE; NAAMES; CAMP2EX; ORACLES; SOCRATES; MARCUS; and CAPRICORN2. Each campaign involves aircraft measurements, ship-based measurements, or both. Measurements collected over the North and Central Atlantic, Indo-Pacific, and Southern Oceans, represent a range of clean to polluted conditions in various climate regimes. With the extensive range of environmental conditions sampled, this data collection is ideal for testing satellite remote detection methods of CDNC and CCN in marine environments. Remote measurement methods are vital to expanding the available data in these difficult-to-reach regions of the Earth and improving our understanding of aerosol-cloud interactions. The data collection includes particle composition and continental tracers to identify potential contributing CCN sources. Several of these campaigns include High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) and polarimetric imaging measurements and retrievals that will be the basis for the next generation of space-based remote sensors and, thus, can be utilized as satellite surrogates.

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