National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 2007

Impacts of sources and aging on submicrometer aerosol properties in the marine boundary layer across the Gulf of Maine

Quinn, P.K., T.S. Bates, D. Coffman, T.B. Onasch, D. Worsnop, T. Baynard, J.A. de Gouw, P.D. Goldan, W.C. Kuster, E. Williams, J.M. Roberts, B. Lerner, A. Stohl, A. Pettersson, and E.R. Lovejoy

J. Geophys. Res., 111(D23), D23S36, doi: 10.1029/2006JD007582 (2006)

Measurements were made on board the NOAA RV Ronald H. Brown during the second New England Air Quality Study (NEAQS 2004) to determine the source of the aerosol in the region and how sources and aging processes affect submicrometer aerosol chemical composition and optical properties. Using the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART in combination with gas phase tracer compounds, local (urban), regional (NE U.S. urban corridor of Washington, D.C.; New York; and Boston), and distant (midwest industries and North American forest fires) sources were identified. Submicrometer aerosol measured near the source region (Boston Harbor) had a molar equivalence ratio near one with respect to NH, NO , and SO, had a large mass fraction of particulate organic matter (POM) relative to SO, and had relatively unoxidized POM. As distance from the source region increased, the submicrometer aerosol measured in the marine boundary layer became more acidic and had a lower POMmass fraction, and the POMbecame more oxidized. The relative humidity dependence of light extinction reflected the change in aerosol composition being lower for the near-source aerosol and higher for the more processed aerosol. A factor analysis performed on a combined data set of aerosol and gas phase parameters showed that the POM measured during the experiment was predominantly of secondary anthropogenic origin.

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