National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration
United States Department of Commerce


FY 2004

Clear-sky infrared aerosol radiative forcing at the surface and the top of the atmosphere

Markowicz, K.M., P.J. Flatau, A.M. Vogelmann, P.K. Quinn, and E.J. Welton

Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 129(A594), 2927–2947, doi: 10.1256/qj.02.224 (2003)

High-spectral-resolution thermal infrared radiance observations made with the Airborne Research Interferometer Evaluation System instrument on the Met Office C130 aircraft in tropical and sub-arctic atmospheres are used to evaluate the water vapour continuum and line absorption. Coincident microwave radiometer measurements at 183 GHz are used to help constrain the water vapour profile. Through careful selection of wavelengths where the water vapour continuum has varying impacts on the observed radiances, analysis shows that the continuum is too strong; this is using the General Line-by-line Atmospheric Transmittance and Radiance Model with the CKD2.4 water vapour continuum and High Resolution Transmission Molecular Absorption 2000 spectral database. Zenith observations from low altitude indicate that the continuum requires reducing by between 6% and 15% depending on the frequency, which is in good agreement with recent laboratory data. A modified continuum is presented and used in modelling to compare against upper-troposphere nadir measurements obtained in tropical and sub-arctic atmospheres.

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